Codax, Martin


Codax, Martin
(fl. ca. 1230)
   Nothing is known of the life of the 13th-century Galician TROUBADOUR and JONGLEURMartin Codax outside of the seven extant lyrics attributed to him. These songs are important as the earliest secular songs in Spain to survive with music. They are in the Galician-Portuguese dialect, which was the dominant language for secular literature in 13thcentury Spain.
   Martin Codax seems to have been from the city of Vigo in Galicia, the area in that corner of northwestern Spain just north of Portugal. It has been suggested that he may have been connected with the court of Dom DINIS of Portugal. He is admired for writing feelingly about the sea of the Galician coast, but mainly his poems are good examples of the genre known as CANTIGAS DE AMIGO—poems in which male poets speak in the persona of a female speaker who yearns for her absent lover. A good example of the combination of these elements is the first stanza of the poem beginning Ondas do mar de Vigo (“Waves of the Bay of Vigo”):
   Waves of the bay of Vigo,
   tell me whether you have seen my friend?
   and, oh God, whether he will come soon?
   (Jensen 1992, 31.1, ll. 1–3)
   Seven of these love poems survive, and most scholars agree that the poems are intended to work together as a cycle. Six of the seven lyrics survive with music in the unique Vindel manuscript—a single folded page discovered in Madrid in 1914 and now, since 1977, in the possession of the Pierpont Morgan Library in New York.
   The poems consist of short stanzas with refrains, and make extensive use of parallelism.Musically, they are said to show some similarities to Galician folk songs as well as to Mozarabic hymns. They are of paramount significance to musicologists because of their early date and their unique status as examples of Spanish secular music.
   Bibliography
   ■ Ferreira, Manuel Pedro. The Sound of Martin Codax: On the Musical Dimension of the Galician-Portuguese Lyric, XIIXIV Centuries. Lisbon: UNISYS, Impr. Nacional-Casa da Moeda, 1986.
   ■ Jensen, Frede, ed. and trans. Medieval Galician-Portuguese Poetry: An Anthology. Garland Library of Medieval Literature, 87. New York and London: Garland, 1992.
   ■ Pope, Isabel. “Medieval Latin Background of the Thirteenth-Century Galician Lyric,” Speculum 9 (1934): 3–25.

Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.

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  • Martín Codax — (o Martim Codax) fue un juglar gallego, posiblemente de Vigo, por las continuas referencias a dicha ciudad en sus poemas, de entre mediados del siglo XIII y comienzos del siglo XIV. Apenas existen datos sobre la identidad del personaje. El… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Martin Codax — Cantigas de Amigo Manuskript des Martim Codax (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, Vindel MS M979) Martim Codax (auch Martín Codax) war ein galicischer Trobador des 13. Jahrhunderts. Über sein Leben ist praktisch nichts überliefert. Vermutlich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martín Codax — Cantigas de Amigo Manuskript des Martim Codax (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, Vindel MS M979) Martim Codax (auch Martín Codax) war ein galicischer Trobador des 13. Jahrhunderts. Über sein Leben ist praktisch nichts überliefert. Vermutlich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Codax — Cantigas de Amigo Manuskript des Martim Codax (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, Vindel MS M979) Martim Codax (auch Martín Codax) war ein galicischer Trobador des 13. Jahrhunderts. Über sein Leben ist praktisch nichts überliefert. Vermutlich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martín Codax — (o Martim Codax) fue un juglar gallego, posiblemente de Vigo, por las continuas referencias a dicha ciudad en sus poemas, de entre mediados del siglo XIII y comienzos del siglo XIV. Apenas existen datos sobre la identidad del personaje. El corpus …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Martín Codax — Cantigas de Amigo (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, Vindel MS M979) Martín Codax (Galician: [maɾˈtiŋ koˈðaʃ]) or Martim Codax (Portuguese: [mɐɾˈtĩ kuˈðaʃ]) was a Galician medieval jogral (non noble composer and performer …   Wikipedia

  • Martin Codax — Cantigas de Amigo de Martim Codax (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, Vindel MS M979) Martín Codax (ou Martim Codax) était un compositeur jogral (compositeur et interprète non noble), probablement de Galice et, éventuellement, de Vigo, Galice… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martim Codax — Cantigas de Amigo Manuskript des Martim Codax (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, Vindel MS M979) Martim Codax (auch Martín Codax) war ein galicischer Trobador des 13. Jahrhunderts. Über sein Leben ist praktisch nichts überliefert. Vermutlich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Premio Martín Codax — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Premio de Poesía Martín Codax es un afamado premio literario convocado por las Bodegas Vilariño de Cambados durante los años 1992 a 2000. El premio estaba patrocinado por el ayuntamiento de Vigo y las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pergamino Vindel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Pergamino Vindel El Pergamino Vindel (Nueva York, Pierpont Morgan Library, Vindel MS M979) es un pergamino copiado a finales del siglo XIII o comienzos del XIV que contiene siete cantigas de amigo del …   Wikipedia Español


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